Reducing adolescent smoking through a school-based motivational intervention: A pilot study

Elizabeth Gates Bradley

Abstract


Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, and more than 20% of adolescents report current cigarette use. Schools are a viable setting in which to conduct brief interventions to reduce adolescent tobacco use; however, a standard therapy has not yet been established. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a motivational intervention on cigarette use in a school-based adolescent population. The study utilized a randomized controlled design in which participants were assigned to one of two conditions: two 30-minute sessions of a motivational intervention or assessment only. Results demonstrated that the intervention was effective in reducing daily cigarette use and symptoms of cigarette dependence for participants in the experimental group. The current findings are unique in being the first school-based motivational intervention delivered by school personnel to effectively reduce adolescent tobacco use.

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Keywords

Smoking & Tobacco; Child & Adolescent Health; Counseling; Risk Behaviors



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ISSN 1832-7931
Swinburne University of Technology