Subjective Attributes of Depression, Part 1: The Subjective Disability Depression Questionnaire, a New Measure for Assessing Reactive Depression Following Stroke

Lisanne Michelle Jenkins, David Gordon Andrewes, Tom Hale, Fary Khan, Nicolene Coetzee


This study aimed to assess the psychometric characteristics of the Subjective Disability Depression Questionnaire (SDDQ) as a measure of the influences of self-perceived disability on depression. Method: Twenty-seven stroke patients and partners, and a comparison group of 28 amputees and partners from a rehabilitation centre completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, General Health Questionnaire-28, and Emotional and Social Dysfunction Questionnaire. Results: The SDDQ was found to have a nine-factor structure that explained 88.09% of the variance in depression. The construct validity and high split half reliability and internal consistency provided satisfactory test characteristics. Conclusions: The present study presents initial evidence that the SDDQ is a reliable and valid measure of the impact of self-perceived disability on depression, and suggests it will be useful in providing a focus for individually tailored psychological therapies.

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stroke; amputation; depression; cognition; emotion; questionnaire; validation

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ISSN 1832-7931
Swinburne University of Technology